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ShoulderThe shoulder functions like an elegant piece of machinery. It has the greatest range of motion of any joint in the body. However, this large range of motion can lead to joint problems.

Understanding how the anatomy of the shoulder can help you understand how the shoulder works, how it can be injured and how challenging recovery from a shoulder injury can be.

If you have a cast, click here for a downloadable PDF with directions for how to take proper care of it.

More information about the shoulder, arm and elbow is available from the Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, of which YOA is a member. Visit the Academy links below to learn more.


Broken Bones and Injuries

Common Shoulder Injuries
Shoulder Trauma


Broken Collarbone
Distal Humerus Fractures
Elbow Fractures in Children
Forearm Fractures in Children
Fracture of the Shoulder Blade (Scapula)
Olecranon (Elbow) Fractures
Radial Head Fractures

Tears and Instability

Biceps Tendon Tear at the Elbow
Biceps Tendon Tear at the Shoulder
Chronic Shoulder Instability
Rotator Cuff Tears
Rotator Cuff Tears and Treatment Options
Rotator Cuff Tears: Frequently Asked Questions
Shoulder Joint Tear (Glenoid Labrum Tear)

Other Injuries

Burners and Stingers
Elbow Dislocation
Erb’s Palsy (Brachial Plexus Birth Injury)
Shoulder Dislocation
Shoulder Impingement
Shoulder Separation
Throwing Injuries in the Elbow

Diseases and Syndromes

Compartment Syndrome
Erb’s Palsy (Brachial Plexus Birth Injury)
Tendonitis of the Long Head of the Biceps
Ulnar Nerve Entrapment


Arthritis of the Shoulder
Frozen Shoulder
Shoulder Impingement
Shoulder Pain
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome


Elbow (Olecranon) Bursitis
Osteoarthritis of the Elbow
Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)


Treatment and Rehabilitation

Rotator Cuff Tears and Treatment Options

Surgical Treatments

Shoulder Joint Replacement
Shoulder Surgery
Thermal Capsulorrhaphy

Postoperative Care

Shoulder Surgery Exercise Guide