Patient Education | Youngstown Orthopaedic Associates


The spine is supported by an intricate network of blood vessels, nerve endings, ligaments, muscles, intricate joints and discs.

Shoulder, Arm & Elbow

Understanding how the anatomy of the shoulder can help you understand how the shoulder works.

Hand & Wrist

The anatomy of the wrist joint is extremely complex, and considered the most complex joint in the body.


The hip joint connects the femur and the pelvis and serves to support the weight of the upper body while standing and in motion.

Knee & Leg

The knee is the largest joint in the body and is vital to its motion. They are especially vulnerable to injury

Foot & Ankle

The human foot is a structure of bones and tissues that combine strength and mechanical complexity needed for motion.

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