Spine & Neck

SpineThe spine, comprised of 33 vertebrae, has several special roles in the body, including:

  • Providing the support needed to walk upright.
  • Protecting the spinal cord.
  • Enabling the torso to bend.
  • Supporting the head.

The spine is supported by an intricate network of blood vessels, nerve endings, ligaments, muscles, intricate joints and discs.

More information about the spine and neck is available from the Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, of which YOA is a member. Visit the Academy links below to learn more.

Spine Basics 


Broken Bones and Injuries


Cervical Fracture 
Fracture of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine
Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures 
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis 

Sprains, Strains and Other Injuries

Lumbar Disk Herniation
Neck Sprain 

Other Injuries

Herniated Disk

Diseases and Syndromes

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis 


Congenital Scoliosis
Congenital Torticollis (Twisted Neck) 
Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine 
Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents 

Pain Syndromes

Back Pain in Children 
Cauda Equina Syndrome 
Cervical Radiculopathy 
Cervical Spondylosis
Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (Spinal Cord Compression) 
Low Back Pain
Neck Pain 

Treatment and Rehabilitation

Electrodiagnostic testing

Nonsurgical Treatment

Low Back Pain Exercise Guide
Spinal Injections

Surgical Treatments

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Artificial Disk Replacement in the Lumbar Spine 
Bone Grafts in Spine Surgery
Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Surgical Treatment Options 
Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion
Preparing for Low Back Surgery 
Spinal Fusion
Spinal Fusion Glossary
Surgical Options for Cervical Radiculopathy 

Prevention and Safety

Backpack Safety 
Preventing Back Pain at Work and at Home 
Preventing Back Pain: Tips for New Moms 

Patient Stories

A Patient’s Experience with Atlantoaxial Subluxation
A Patient’s Experience with Degenerative Disc Disease
A Patient’s Experience with Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury 
A Patient’s Experience with Scoliosis 
A Patient’s Experience with Scoliosis – Bracing
A Patient’s Experience with Spinal Cancers and Trauma
A Patient’s Experience with Spinal Cord Injury with Paralysis 
A Patient’s Experience with Trauma: Multiple Fractures 
A Patient’s Experience with Trauma: Multiple Open Fractures 


Additional Resources on the Spine
Ask an Orthopaedic Surgeon about Spinal Stenosis